Why Is My Bread Burning on Top? Find Out the Possible Causes Here

Disclosure: As Amazon Associates we earn from qualifying purchases. When you buy through links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission at no additional cost to you.

Baking bread at home is a delightful and rewarding experience, but it can be frustrating when your loaf comes out of the oven with a burnt top. There are various reasons why bread can burn on top, from incorrect oven temperature to improper placement of the bread in the oven. In this article, we will explore all the possible causes of burnt bread and provide helpful tips to prevent it from happening again.

Understanding Oven Temperature and Baking Time

The most common cause of burnt bread is high oven temperature. When the oven is too hot, the bread can burn on the top before it is fully cooked on the inside. To avoid this, it’s important to understand your oven temperature and adjust it accordingly. Most bread recipes call for a temperature range of 375°F to 450°F, so it’s essential to follow the recipe’s instructions to achieve optimal results. Moreover, don’t forget to check the baking time since every oven has different heat distribution and baking times vary depending on the type and shape of the bread.

Another factor that affects oven temperature is altitude. If you live in a high-altitude area, you may need to adjust the oven temperature and baking time to compensate for the lower air pressure. Generally, you should decrease the oven temperature by 25°F and increase the baking time by 5-10 minutes. However, it’s best to consult a high-altitude baking guide or recipe for specific instructions.

It’s also important to preheat your oven before baking bread. Preheating ensures that the oven reaches the desired temperature and that the bread bakes evenly. Allow your oven to preheat for at least 15-20 minutes before placing the bread inside. Additionally, avoid opening the oven door frequently during baking, as this can cause temperature fluctuations and affect the bread’s texture and rise.

How to Check Bread Doneness

Another reason for burnt bread is not checking for doneness in the bread’s center. To check if the bread is fully cooked, insert a skewer in the center of the loaf, and check if it comes out clean. If the skewer has any dough on it, the bread needs more time in the oven. On the other hand, if the loaf looks golden brown and sounds hollow when tapped, it’s fully cooked. However, take care not to test doneness too often since opening the oven door can interrupt the cooking process and cause the bread to bake unevenly and burn on top.

It’s important to note that different types of bread may require different baking times and temperatures. For example, a dense whole wheat bread may take longer to bake than a light and airy white bread. It’s always a good idea to follow the recipe’s instructions for baking time and temperature, but also keep an eye on the bread as it bakes and adjust as needed.

If you’re unsure if your bread is fully cooked, you can also use a digital thermometer to check the internal temperature. For most bread, the internal temperature should be around 190-200°F (88-93°C). If the temperature is lower than that, the bread needs more time in the oven. However, be careful not to overbake the bread, as it can become dry and tough.

Common Mistakes When Baking Bread

Aside from oven temperature and checking for doneness, there are other common mistakes that contribute to burnt bread. One mistake is adding too much sugar to the recipe since sugar caramelizes and can cause the bread to brown too quickly. Another is not properly shaping the dough before placing it in the loaf pan resulting in unevenly cooked bread. Finally, not preheating the oven adequately can make the bread cook unevenly and cause it to burn on top.

Another common mistake when baking bread is not allowing the dough to rise properly. If the dough doesn’t rise enough, the bread will be dense and heavy. On the other hand, if the dough rises too much, the bread will collapse and have a gummy texture. It’s important to follow the recipe’s instructions for proofing the dough and giving it enough time to rise before baking.

The Importance of Proper Oven Placement

Another reason why bread can burn on top is the oven’s improper placement. If you place the bread too close to the top heating element without any insulation, the bread will burn and cook unevenly. Therefore, aim to place your bread on a middle or bottom rack in the oven. Remember, the bread should not be too close to the heating elements but not too far away from them either.

How to Adjust Oven Racks for Perfect Baked Goods

The oven racks’ position significantly impacts how your bread bakes. For instance, if the bread is on the bottom rack, it will over bake from the bottom before adequately cooking on the top. If the bread is on the top shelf, it will cook too fast and burn on the top before the inside is fully cooked. Therefore, it’s essential to adjust the oven racks and keep the bread in the middle or slightly higher position in the oven for even baking.

The Role of Humidity in Baking Bread

The humidity in the oven can also impact bread baking results. If the oven is too dry, it can dehydrate the bread, and as a result, the top will dry out and burn. Using a pan of water in the oven or spraying some water over the bread before baking will help to add more moisture to the bread during the baking process.

Different Types of Bread Pans and Their Effects on Baking

The type of pan you use to bake bread can also affect the baking results. Glass pans tend to overbake the bottom of the bread, while dark and non-stick pans can burn the top. Therefore, it’s best to use light-colored metal baking pans and spray them with non-stick cooking spray before use to prevent the bread from sticking and burning.

Tips for Using a Convection Oven to Bake Bread

Convection ovens are an excellent alternative for baking bread since they circulate hot air evenly throughout the oven. However, since convection ovens cook faster than ordinary ovens, it’s crucial to reduce the baking temperature by 25°F and pay attention to the cooking time to avoid burning the bread. If using a convection oven is new to you, you might need to adjust the temperature and baking time according to the recipe and the oven’s manufacturer’s instructions.

How to Prevent Bread from Sticking to the Pan or Oven Rack

Another common problem when baking bread is the bread sticking to the pan or oven rack. This can cause the bread to burn on top and cook unevenly. To prevent bread from sticking, always grease your pan and sprinkle some flour on the bottom. Alternatively, you can use parchment paper or a silicone baking mat for easy release. When baking bread directly on the oven rack, place parchment paper or a baking tray underneath to catch any drips.

The Benefits of Using a Thermometer when Baking Bread

A probe thermometer is another powerful tool that can help prevent burnt bread. The thermometer measures the internal temperature of the bread and ensures that it’s fully cooked to 190-200°F before removing it from the oven. You can insert the thermometer into the bread’s center to check for doneness and avoid over or undercooking the bread.

The Impact of Altitude on Bread Baking

Another factor that affects bread baking is your elevation or altitude. High altitude areas have less air pressure and moisture, which can cause bread to rise too quickly and burn on top or not rise enough and be heavy. For every 500 feet above sea level, reduce the baking temperature by 2°F and increase the baking time by 5-8%. A high altitude bread recipe is always an excellent idea for those living in high altitude areas.

Troubleshooting Common Issues with Burnt Bread

Despite taking precautionary measures, burnt bread can still happen. If your bread is overcooked and burnt on top, don’t fret. Simply cut off the burnt part and serve the rest. If the bread is undercooked in the center, return it to the oven for another 5-10 minutes until it’s fully cooked.

Expert Advice for Perfectly Baked Homemade Bread

To avoid burnt bread and achieve perfectly baked homemade bread, here are some expert tips:

  • Use the right amount of ingredients and prefer measuring instead of eyeing the components.
  • Knead the dough correctly for a better gluten structure.
  • Patience is key, so always allow the dough to rise adequately before baking.
  • Follow the recipe instructions, including the baking temperature, time, and oven placement.

How to Store and Reheat Bread without Burning it

Proper storage and reheating of bread can also impact its quality and texture. Bread that’s not stored correctly can dry out and become hard, while reheating it carelessly can cause it to burn. To store bread, wrap it in a plastic wrap and store it in a bread box or an airtight container. To reheat, place the sliced bread on a baking sheet and lightly toast it in the oven or a toaster oven.


Now that you know all the possible causes of burnt bread, you can take the necessary steps to prevent it from happening again. Remember to pay attention to your oven temperature, check for doneness, use the right pan, and adjust the oven racks properly. With these tips, you’ll always have perfectly baked homemade bread. Happy baking!